The northern parts of the Netherlands have a long tradition in agriculture and animal husbandry. The region produces quite a bit of biomass from agricultural waste (e.g. sugar beet pulp) and animal waste (manure).
There is also some biomass available from forest maintenance, but the port of Delfzijl also facilitates the import of wood chips and other biomass. Furthermore, some biomass (e.g. manure) is imported from other provinces.
A number of the chemical companies in the Chemport Europe ecosystem are involved in developing biorefinery processes to turn biomass into useful chemical building blocks. Biomass is also used to produce energy: directly by burning biomass in energy plants or by producing biogas through fermentation.
Numerous companies use biomass in one way or another. Avantium has built a pilot biorefinery in Delfzijl, Eneco and EEW burn biomass in their powerplants, and a lot of research into the conversion of biomass into chemicals is done at the University of Groningen. The Suiker Unie sugar factory uses beet pulp to produce biogas, which is injected into the Dutch natural gas network.